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Previous:

  • World War II

Concurrent:

  • Cold War
    • Korean War

Next:

  • Unknown
UH-1D

A UH-1D helicopter piloted by Maj. Bruce P. Crandall climbs skyward after discharging a load of US infantrymen on a search and destroy mission.

Started: November 1, 1955

Ended: April 30, 1975

Location's:

  • South Vietnam
  • North Vietnam
  • Laos
  • Cambodia

Out-Come:

  • Communist Victory
  • North and South Vietnam Unified, Form; Socialist Republic of Vietnam
  • Withdrawal of the United States

Anti-Communist Force's:

  • South Vietnam
  • United States
  • South Korea
  • Australia
  • Philippines
  • New Zealand
  • Thailand
  • Khmer Republic
  • Kingdom of Laos
  • Republic of China

Supported By:

  • Spain

Pro-Communist Force's:

  • North Vietnam
  • NLF
  • Khmer Rouge
  • Pathet Lao
  • People's Republic of China
  • Soviet Union
  • North Korea

Supported By:

  • Czechoslovakia
  • Cuba

Commanders:

  • Ngô Đình Diệm
  • Nguyễn Văn Thiệu
  • Nguyễn Cao Kỳ
  • Cao Văn Viên
  • Lyndon B. Johnson
  • Richard Nixon
  • William Westmoreland
  • Creighton Abrams
  • Park Chung Hee
  • Chae Myung Shin
  • Lon Nol

Commanders:

  • Hồ Chí Minh
  • Lê Duẩn
  • Võ Nguyên Giáp
  • Hoàng Văn Thái
  • Văn Tiến Dũng
  • Trần Văn Trà
  • Nguyễn Văn Linh
  • Nguyễn Hữu Thọ

Famous Battle's / Campaigns:

  • Unknown

Casulties:

  • Anti-Communists -
  • Pro-Communists -

The Vietnam War was a Cold War-era military conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955, to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. This war followed the First Indochina War and was fought between North Vietnam, supported by its communist allies, and the government of South Vietnam, supported by the United States and other anti-communist nations. The Viet Cong, a lightly armed South Vietnamese communist-controlled common front, largely fought a guerrilla war against anti-communist forces in the region. The Vietnam People's Army (North Vietnamese Army) engaged in a more conventional war, at times committing large units into battle. U.S. and South Vietnamese forces relied on air superiority and overwhelming firepower to conduct search and destroy operations, involving ground forces, artillery and airstrikes.

The U.S. government viewed involvement in the war as a way to prevent a communist takeover of South Vietnam as part of their wider strategy of containment. The North Vietnamese government viewed the war as a colonial war, fought initially against France, backed by the U.S., and later against South Vietnam, which it regarded as a U.S. puppet state. U.S. military advisors arrived beginning in 1950. U.S. involvement escalated in the early 1960s, with U.S. troop levels tripling in 1961 and tripling again in 1962. U.S. combat units were deployed beginning in 1965. Operations spanned borders, with Laos and Cambodia heavily bombed. Involvement peaked in 1968 at the time of the Tet Offensive. After this, U.S. ground forces were withdrawn as part of a policy called Vietnamization. Despite the Paris Peace Accords, signed by all parties in January 1973, fighting continued.

U.S. military involvement ended on 15 August 1973 as a result of the Case–Church Amendment passed by the U.S. Congress. The capture of Saigon by the North Vietnamese army in April 1975 marked the end of the Vietnam War. North and South Vietnam were reunified the following year. The war exacted a huge human cost in terms of fatalities (See: Vietnam War casualties). Estimates of the number of Vietnamese soldiers and civilians killed vary from less than one million to more than three million. Some 200,000–300,000 Cambodians, 20,000–200,000 Laotians, and 58,220 U.S. service members also died in the conflict.

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